The Arabic philosophical fable Hayy Ibn Yaqzan is a classic of medieval Islamic philosophy. Ibn Tufayl (d. ), the Andalusian philosopher, tells of a child. : Hayy Ibn Yaqzan (): Ibn Tufayl, Ibn Tufail, Lenn Evan Goodman: Books. Although Ibn Tufayl’s philosophical tale Hayy ibn Yaqzan is one of the most famous medieval Arabic stories to reach the West, precious little is known about the.

Author: Shabei Gagor
Country: Anguilla
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 24 April 2004
Pages: 17
PDF File Size: 3.94 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.2 Mb
ISBN: 502-9-81489-209-3
Downloads: 42287
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fenrill

It is a theme that Avicenna explores some more in his thought-experiment the Floating Man whereby he asks the reader yaqzqn conceive oneself tfayl created at once while floating in mid-air, being completely divorced from all sensations and with no past; no objects to perceive, including your own body. The second part of Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan makes a thoughtful foray into the social dimension of his now finely-honed protagonist, anticipating what the later writers cited above do in laying out social consequences for their respective protagonists.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

His works, which began to be translated into Latin in the twelfth ib, would play a central role in the development of philosophy in the West where he became known as Avicenna. The abstract philosophical tale of Iby Tufayl is the historically first of a series of such reflections on the nature of human behavior and learning.

The baggage of social and cultural values carried into solitude or fictional settings of isolation are further explored by modern writers such as William Golding in his Lord of tuayl Flies. By the age of 21 Hayy is now dressed in the skins of animals and has even made his own shoes.

Absal teaches Hayy to speak and Hayy shares both his survival skills and tufayk philosophic and mystic insight. But we see that in the time it takes for Jupiter to do two rotations, Saturn only completes one. There’s a problem loading this menu right now.

Nothing New Under the Sun

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Absal teaches Hayy language in hopes of teaching him about God.

He then began to ponder upon himself, what means of which he came to know this being, if not through reason or imagination. They are both very religious, and study their texts thoroughly, though one has a tendency to take passages literally, the ib metaphorically.


Suppose after he had come this far, his eyesight were restored and he could see.

Hayy ibn Yaqzan |

His imitation of the heavenly bodies was two-fold, hsyy the contemplation and awareness of God, and in imitating their circular motion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He then buries the Gazelle and turns to contemplate upon the nature of this life-force. Even on the level of physical resemblance, he sees his body as a microcosm of the cosmos. That in order for a city to be ideal, it fufayl to help the most of its citizens achieve happiness, and their own perfection.

The earth was a sphere surrounded by concentric spheres in which the planets were embedded.

He eventually recommended his successor Averroes to the Almohad king yaqza Soon though, Hayy began to notice he was unlike the other animals. Hayy had not reverted to a fundamentalism wherein obedience and conformity to scripture and tradition were sufficient.

On the fictitious and uninhabited island of “fitrah” or natural law somewhere near the Maldives appeared a lone child that some say was fashioned naturally similar to the first man Adam, while others say he was a Moses-like orphan washed ashore in a basket.

In the modern Arab world, Hayy ibn Yaqzan continues tufay, be reprinted frequently and to occupy a place in popular imagination through paintings, films, and television specials. The human body was a microcosm, a model hayh the universe in miniature. He also engaged in farming, keeping livestock, and so moved from the hunter-gatherer stage, and tamed horses so he could ride them.

Ibn Bajja believed that the cities could not be saved by the Truth.

Hayy ibn Yaqdhan – Wikipedia

Two such followers of this religion were Absal and Salaman who, for Ibn Tufayl, represent two opposite forms of religious expression, whilst remaining adherents to the same religion. At this time, Andalusia was a rich cultural milieu, and Ibn Tufayl was not short of access to philosophers, going back to the Yaaqzan but, more directly, his teacher the Spanish Muslim philosopher and astronomer Ibn Bajjah Avempace or Avenassar, Through conversation they realize that they are on the same spiritual page; one via Qur’aanic revelation, the other via Aristotelian lbn or “fitrah”.

Hayy believes that he is a species apart from the other animals, more akin to the celestial bodies. Avicenna taught himself and so yaazan could Hayy Ibn Yaqzan. But like any good philosopher, he knows that he stands on the shoulders of his predecessors, and in the prologue written for the book, mentions them and talks about what he thinks about them before giving the account of Hayy Ibn Yaqzan.


Ibn-Tufayl was a 12th century philosopher living in Andalusia, or In Spain. A sentiment echoed by the later Thomas Aquinas. No one really wanted to change. A person exercises their reason and lives in full enjoyment of God so that their intellect goes to behold the active intellect. But the cell, the anchorhold, the hut and cottage, are all related to the same configuring of places of nurturing solitude. You have asked me to unfold for you, as well as I am able, the secrets of the oriental yqzan mentioned by the prince of philosophers Avicenna.

He contemplated the qualities they share and those that differentiate one from the other. Tutayl, however, is interrupted when Hayy is 50 years of age by the arrival on the island of Absal, who comes from a neighbouring tkfayl to seek isolation from others. Hayy supposes that he can achieve understanding of the Necessarily Existent by imitating animals, celestial beings, and the Maker Himself in various ways.

The purpose of his narrative is to point to esoteric doctrines, beyond philosophy and reason, in order to attract the discerning, as Ibn Tufayl puts it. There was a problem filtering reviews right tufxyl. He urged them to hold fast to their observance of all the statutes regulating outward behavior and not delve into things that did not concern them, submissively to accept all the most problematical elements of the tradition and shun originality and innovation, follow in the footsteps of their righteous gaqzan and leave behind everything modern.

Soon afterward, Hayy tries to rid himself of his physical being entirely, sitting secluded in a meditative state without eating or moving. Contingent existence cannot arise unless it is made necessary by a cause.

Both Hayy and Absal understood each other perfectly in matters of hagy, even though both had come from such different environments. His mother was gone; only her lifeless body was left, low and worthless.

Author: admin